Blogs and journalists: a survey

October 16, 2008

Paul Bradshaw’s Online Journalism Blog publishes the third part of “Blogging Journalists“, a survey on how blogging is changing journalism. “The networked, iterative and conversational nature of the blog format is changing how many journalists work in a number of ways”, says this study’s author.

The first part wan on context and methodology, the second one on how blogs affected journalists generate story ideas. The third part investigates in which way blogs have affected story researching.

As a result of the third part of the survey, Bradshaw conclude that “the nature of the relationship appears to be different, in that it is a two-way, ongoing process.” Sometimes, “this collaboration becomes a form of crowdsourcing”. Most journalists, according to the survey, find it easier to find sources who don’t come from a government agency or professional association”, but on the other hand “the pressure to publish meant more reliance on rumours, and less rigorous research” so the readers have “to clarify and fact-check.”

A fourth part of the survey is forthcoming, and it will deal on how blogging affects information gathering for a story.

Paul Bradshaw is Senior Lecturer in Online Journalism at Birmingham City University’s (UK) School of Media.

News on the Web: A study from Portugal

October 16, 2008

João Canavilhas, professor of the University of Beira Interior (Portugal) has published a book: Webnoticia. Propuesta de modelo periodístico para la WWW [Webnews. A proposal of a journalistic model for the WWW]. Although the book comes from Portugal, it is written in Spanish language. Professor Canavilha has some articles on this subject in English as well.

The book is accesible in pdf format by University of Beira Interior’s LabCom, a research group conducted by professor António Fidalgo. They publish all their books, with ISBN and professional format, as e-books, and offer as well the possibility of purchasing a printed issue.

The book has two parts: theory and experiments. The author makes in the first part a state of the art of the characteristics and research done on multimedia language and the news, and explain the metholodgy proposed for his study. In the second part, he explains some experiments done around two concepts: hypertext and multimediality. Finally, based on the syntax of hyperlinks, Canavilhas proposes a multimedia grammar for online news. based on four levels: basic level, explanation level, background level and exploration level.

The proposals were applied to the experimental online newspaper of João Canavilha’s own University in Covilhã,

Complet book reference:

Canavilhas, João. Webnoticia. Propuesta de modelo periodístico para la WWW. Covilhã: Universidade de Beira Interior, 2008

eJournalist: Call for papers

October 16, 2008

Ejournalist. A Refereed Media Journal is calling for articles. Deadline: November 30, 2008.

Ejournalist is an electronic journal, directed by Professor Alan Knight, Queensland University of Technology, published twice a year since 2001. The last issue (Volume 8, Number 1) has been published in the first semester of 2008.

The journal is published by the Faculty of Informatics and Communication, Central Queensland University, Australia.

David Domingo and Chris Paterson’s new book

October 16, 2008

David Domingo and Chris Paterson have published a new book: Making Online News. The Ethnography of New Media Production. Paterson and Domingo are the editors of a dozen chapters with researchs by researchers like Edgardo García (Argentina), Thorsten Quandt, Anthony Cawley, Jane Singer, etc., and an epilogue by Mark Deuze about a sociology of online news.
The book claims for recovering the sociology and ethnography practised in newsrooms durin the ‘70 by, amongst others, Gaye Tuchman. The guiding premise of this work is “that only ethnographic methofdologies derived from anthropological and sociological traditions can como close to provinding an adequate description of the culture and practice of media production, and the mindset of media producers”. “This is impossible with other methods”, conclude the editors, “such as surveys or web content analysis -the dominant modes of online news research”.
Being a practitioner of such “obsolete” methods, including hypertext theory applied to journalism, I do find complementary both traditions, aren’t they?
[For people abroad, David Domingo, me and 22 researchers are collaborating on a study of convergence in Spanish newsrooms, conducted by professor Ramón Salaverría, with optimal results!].
David Domingo, after a couple of years as a visiting professor in Iowa University, has recently returned to the Rovira i Virgili University in Catalonia. Welcome back, David!
Complete book reference:
Domingo, David; Paterson, Chris. Making Online News. The Ethnography of New Media Production.  New York etc.: Peter Lang, 2008.

Accesibility and pdf format

October 16, 2008

Lluís Codina, professor of Pompeu Fabra University, is a colleague and friend of mine. He has a lot of articles on documentation, evaluation of web sites, e-books and some other subjects. One of them is cyberjournalism.

One of his latest articles is about the real accesibility of pdf format in online newspapers. Along with Ramón Voces, he has published an article on a Spanish ISI Journal, El profesional de la información. As a conclusion: most of the Spanish online newspapers have a pdf version, but almost half of them (47 per cent) use an old version. The rest of the, 52,2%, use a modern version of the software but do not mark the document. None of the newspaper analysed can be considered accesible.

Web accesibility, explain the authors, “is not limited nor to web pages or xhtml format”, and “potential accessibility is not real accessibility”.

Dr. Lluís Codina is responsible for e-journal, co-editor of a weblog on digital documentation, and coordinator of DigiDoc Research Group.

Etnography and Cyberjournalism: A recent book

October 16, 2008

More on etnography as a research method in cyberjournalism. Dr. Pere Masip (Ramon Llull University, Barcelona) has published a book in which the best parts of his doctoral thesis, defended in 2006. The title of the book is Internet a les redaccions: informació diària i rutines periodístiques [Internet inside the newsrooms: daily information and journalistic routines].   

Dr. Masip’s work analyses the introduction of the Internet technologies in some Catalan newsrooms.  Form and contents are conditioned by the avaliability of some technical tools, in Dr. Masip’s opinion, in every step of the journalistic work: gathering, production and distribution -maybe, the very essence of journalism is changing. Internet is not only a tool for journalists, it is a very important news source. The book analyses, thus, to which extent Internet has changes everyday job in Catalan newsrooms.

Pere Masip (Barcelona, 1968) is doctor in Journalism (Ramon Llull University), graduate in Geography and History, graduate in Biblioteconomy and Documentation (University of Barcelona). Currently teaches at the Blanquerna Faculty of Communication, Ramon Llull University. Member of a research group on convergence in Spain.

Complete book reference:

Masip, Pere. Internet a les redaccions: informació diària i rutines periodístiques. Barcelona: Trípodos; Blanquerna, 2008.

Research on Cyberjournalism in Peru

October 16, 2008

Research on cyberjournalism is growing up in Latin America. Not only in countries like Mexico, Venezuela or Argentina -and, of course, Brazil, where the research tradition in journalism is experienced and strong-, also in Peru. A recent book has been published in this country, the first one released on this subject: Ciberperiodismo en Perú. Análisis de los diarios digitales, [Cyberjournalsim in Peru. Analysis of digital newspapers] by Lyudmyla Yezers’ka.

The book explains the history of cyberjournalism in Peru from its origins, in 1995, since 2005. The author analyses the influence that the birth of cyberjournalism has caused in Peruvian entreprises and professionals, using both a quantitative and a qualitative approach.

The work is bases on the doctoral thesis of Lyudmyla Yezers’ka, supervised by Dr. Ramón Salaverría, who has written the prologue of the book

Complete book reference:

Yezers’ka, Lyudmyla. Ciberperiodismo en Perú. Análisis de los diarios digitales. Lima: Editorial San Marcos, 2008.